The World Kidney Day is jointly launched by the International Society of Nephrology and the International Federation of Kidney Foundations since 2006. It is an annual event to increase awareness and draw attention to the urgent global need for early detection and prevention of kidney disease.

World Kidney Day 2016 is held on 10 March, with the theme “Kidney Disease & Children. Act Early to Prevent it.”

Certainty encourage you to keep an active and healthy lifestyle.

“Be Certain, Be Confident with Certainty”

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discover incontinence
Feeling overwhelmed and frustrated?
you're not alone
Incontinence management is a slow and bumpy journey. Caring for loved ones could be painstakingly demanding when you are coping with their incontinence. Do not worry as these feelings are absolutely normal.

Remember, incontinence is treatable.
you're not alone
Incontinence management is a slow and bumpy journey. Caring for loved ones could be painstakingly demanding when you are coping with their incontinence. Do not worry as these feelings are absolutely normal.

Remember, incontinence is treatable.
Causes of incontinence

Temporary urinary incontinence

Certain drinks, foods and medications can act as diuretics — stimulating your bladder and increasing your volume of urine. They include:

• Alcohol

• Caffeine

• Decaffeinated tea and coffee

• Carbonated drinks

• Artificial sweeteners

• Corn syrup

• Foods high in spice, sugar or acid, especially citrus fruits

• Heart and blood pressure medications, sedatives, and muscle relaxants

• Large doses of vitamins B or C


Temporary urinary incontinence may also be caused by treatable medical conditions, such as:

• Urinary tract infection.

Infections irritate your bladder, causing strong urges to urinate, and sometimes incontinence. Other symptoms of urinary tract infection include a burning sensation when you urinate, and foul-smelling urine.

• Constipation.

The rectum is located near the bladder and shares many of the same nerves. Hard, compacted stool in your rectum causes these nerves to be overactive and increase urinary frequency.

Persistent urinary incontinence

Persistent urinary incontinence can caused by underlying physical problems or changes, including:

• Pregnancy. Hormonal changes and the increased weight of the uterus can lead to stress incontinence.

• Childbirth. Vaginal delivery can weaken muscles for bladder control and also damage bladder nerves and supportive tissue, leading to a dropped (prolapsed) pelvic floor. With prolapse, the bladder, uterus, rectum or small intestine can get pushed down from the usual position and protrude into the vagina. Such protrusions may cause incontinence.

• Natural aging. As your bladder muscles aged, its capacity to store urine also decreases.

• Menopause. After menopause women produce less estrogen, a hormone that helps keep the lining of the bladder and urethra healthy. Deterioration of these tissues can aggravate incontinence.

• Hysterectomy. Any surgery that involves a woman's reproductive system, including removal of the uterus, may damage the supporting pelvic floor muscles, which can lead to incontinence.

• Enlarged prostate. Especially in older men, incontinence often stems from enlargement of the prostate gland, a condition known as benign prostatic hyperplasia.

• Prostate cancer. In men, stress incontinence or urge incontinence can be associated with untreated prostate cancer. But more often, incontinence is a side effect of treatments for prostate cancer.

• Obstruction. A tumor anywhere along your urinary tract can block the normal flow of urine, leading to overflow incontinence. Urinary stones — hard, stone-like masses that form in the bladder — sometimes cause urine leakage.

• Neurological disorders. Multiple sclerosis, Parkinson's disease, stroke, brain tumor or spinal injury can interfere with nerve signals involved in bladder control, causing urinary incontinence.
Reference: http://www.canadiancontinence.ca/EN/index.php
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